All covered entities (which include medical payment companies as well as physicians) need to understand exactly what Protected Health Information (PHI) is sức khỏe và sắc đẹp.
PHI is considered:
Individually identifiable health information held or transmitted by a covered being or its business associate.
This includes any health information (which extends to demographic data) that is related to:
Past, present or future physical or mental health condition
The health care provision
Past, present or future payments of health care by the person
The Privacy Rule
The privacy rule contains national standards for the protection of individually identifiable health information. The rule, established in 2000, tries to make sure the individual information is appropriately protected. At the same time it has to allow the proper flow of health information necessary to ensure high quality health care and protect the health and well being of the general public.
The rule requires privacy protection safeguards, sets limits on the uses of the information (if done without patient authorization) and deploys patient legal rights concerning their health information.
The Privacy Rule and How it Affects PHI
There are three main situations when PHI can be disclosed according to the privacy rule:
As the Privacy Rule allows
If it is authorized in writing by the individual
As part of HHS deference investigation, review or enforcement action
Permitted Use and Disclosure
Following are some ways PHI can be used without an plaintiff’s permission:
For treatment payment and health care operations
In an incident to an otherwise permitted use. This could happen if a hospital visitor overhears two doctors discussing one’s healthcare while they are deciding on treatment.
Public interest as required by court order, FDA, law enforcement or as a result of legal issue
A fixed data set is allowed when it comes to research with a data use agreement
Covered Entities Notice of Policy Practice
Covered entities must provide is aware of their privacy practice to include: PHI use and disclosure permitted and used; duties to protect privacy; a privacy practice notice; a legal rights and grievance process if those legal rights have been violated; and a point of contact for more information and to receive complaints.
The Notice of Privacy Practice must be distributed to each individual no later than the first service encounter. It needs to be finished with a prompt posting and posted on the site of the covered being.